Bath salt drugs: What they are, effects, and overdose

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bath salts drug addiction

In 2020, the maximum prison sentence for a person found guilty of trafficking Schedule I substances was between 20–30 years. Risks from using them include liver failure, mental illness, and even death. Get cost-effective, quality addiction care that truly works. Bath salts are chemically similar toflakka, another synthetic stimulant. If ingested orally, absorption is rapid with a peak “rush” at 1.5 hours, the effect lasting 3 to 4 hours, then a hard “crash”. The total experience may last upwards of 8 hours or longer.1 Snorting and injecting the drug can be especially hazardous.

Bath salts are also available in tablet or capsule form, which can be taken orally. A person may also dissolve the bath salts into a solution to inject into their veins. Containers of bath salts will also have warnings, such as “not suitable for human consumption.” Manufacturers do this in an attempt to avoid legal restrictions. Synthetic cathinones are similar to certain substances found in the khat plant. Khat is used in East Africa and southern Arabia for its stimulant properties. This is very important because of the dehydration bath salts cause.

This can make them very dangerous, as a person cannot be sure what they are consuming. Although antipsychotics can be provided to patients with psychoticsymptoms, the medications should be used with caution to avoid the risk of seizure. These substances bear structural similarities to natural cathinones but are chemically stronger. As ‘New Psychoactive Substances,’ the effects of bath salts are akin to MDMA or amphetamines. Read on to learn more about bath salts, how they affect a person’s body and mind, and where to get support for substance misuse. Bath salts are sometimes used as a cheap substitute for stimulants like cocaine.

There is a great risk for overdose because packages may contain up to 500 milligrams. Unlike Epsom salts, Dead Sea salts, or other types of salts you might use to game up your bath time, synthetic cathinones are a powerful and illegal drug. Synthetic cathinones is the scientific name for the drug commonly known as bath salts.

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You’ll need at least one person who will stay drug-free during the session. The drug doesn’t contain any ingredients from bathwater products. Drug effects can include a short-term increase in energy and mood and acting strangely friendly to others.

In purest form, the drug is a light brown or white crystallized powder. It usually comes in plastic bags or foil labeled as bath salts, glass cleaner, or even plant food. The effects of these drugs are particularly damaging to teens, whose brains are still developing. The 2017 Monitoring the Future survey found that some eighth-, 10th- and 12th-grade students reported that they used synthetic cathinones in the past year. They have higher potency than natural cathinones of the khat plant of East Africa and Southern Arabia. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products.

  1. The labels may say the product is plant food or jewelry cleaner in an effort to deceive law enforcement.
  2. Healthcare providers also screen for co-occurring mental health conditions and devise a treatment plan based on medical advice.
  3. The synthetic cathinones people use to make bath salts are not legal in the U.S.
  4. Overdosing on bath salts requires close medical monitoring due to a lack of antidote for overdose cases.
  5. In purest form, the drug is a light brown or white crystallized powder.
  6. NIDA is a biomedical research organization and does not provide personalized medical advice, treatment, counseling, or legal consultation.

Many people who use bath salts have a history of abusing multiple substances. To reduce the chances of future substance use, people should seek treatment after they recover from the effects of synthetic cathinones. Many people know synthetic cathinones by the street name bath salts, but they differ from Epsom salt and other cosmetic bath salts. These legal minerals can be added to bath water to help ease stress and relax muscles. Conversely, synthetic cathinonesare illicit drugs produced specifically for recreational use.

A person can take bath salts in various ways, such as snorting or smoking them. People sometimes refer to bath salts by numerous street names, such as bliss or meow meow. If a person experiences any of these effects after taking bath salts or is with someone 9 best natural erectile dysfunction treatments for 2024 who does, they should seek immediate medical attention. A person experiencing bath salt toxicity may also show psychological signs, such as aggression, psychosis, or violence. When in this state, a person may be at risk of harming themselves or other people.

Are Bath Salts Illegal?

They contain synthetic cathinones, which are lab-made stimulants. The cathinones found in bath salts were made illegal in the United States in 2012. Synthetic cathinones, more commonly known as bath salts, are human-made stimulants derived from cathinone, a substance found in thekhat plant. In its natural form, cathinone can produce mild stimulating effects.

bath salts drug addiction

Drink plenty of water before and during your time on the drug. When benzos and antipsychotics fail to calm someone intoxicated on bath salts, physical restraints may be necessary. If someone is overdosing on bath salts, call 911 immediately. The sooner the person is treated, the more likely he or she is to make a full recovery. The Drug Enforcement Administration invoked its emergency scheduling authority to temporarily ban mephedrone, MDPV and methylone in October 2011.

Can You Get Addicted to Bath Salts?

They are often sold on the street as cheap substitutes for other stimulants such as methamphetamine and cocaine. If a person is misusing bath salts or other substances, many groups and institutions can help them find support. Research from 2020 states that low doses of bath salts can cause a person to feel euphoria and alertness. drug addiction and the disability benefits you can get According to the American Association of Poison Control Centers, these drugs are most popular among people between ages 20 and 29. People younger than sixand older than 59 have been exposed to bath salts. Bath salts are often sold at convenience stores in small plastic or foil packages weighing between 200 and 500 milligrams.

Where Does the Name Bath Salts Come From?

Multiple types of regulated treatment are available to aid them in their journey. Taking bath salts has many risks, but stopping can be even more difficult. Dependence on the substance can lead to tolerance and addiction. The U.S. government passed the Synthetic Drug Abuse Prevention Act (SDAPA) in July 2012. This act listed mephedrone, methylone, and MDPV as Schedule I controlled substances. This is the most restrictive category of controlled substances.

A person may also smoke the bath salt crystals or powders. There are no approved medications that treat addiction to synthetic cathinones. Snorting and injecting bath salts are the most dangerous methods. People hallucinogen drug use: effects addiction & dangers who use the drug this way are more likely to overdose. Bath salts (synthetic cathinones) look and feel a lot like Epsom salts. Those addicted to bath salts require professional help to support their recovery.

They give you a “high” that affects how you see others and the world around you. Their effects are similar to the effects of amphetamine and ecstasy (MDMA). Bath salts can be ingested orally, snorted, smoked, plugged or injected. BetterHelp can connect you to an addiction and mental health counselor. Bath salts only have recreational purposes and have no recognized medical application.

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